Here, we are highlighting ten conditions without which the electoral process cannot result in free, transparent and inclusive elections. If these conditions are not met, the country will be heading straight for disaster and would risk taking the entire region with it into chaos.
- What was done
- What was not done
Rassop is born
In Genval, the country’s largest political opposition alliance Rassemblement de l’Opposition (Rassop) is formed, with Étienne Tshisekedi as president of the group of elders.
Etienne Tshisekedi returns to Kinshasa after a two-year absence.
Electoral register timeline
The Ceni states that it will take until July 2017 to put the new electoral register together, seven months after the end of Joseph Kabila's term.
The assassination of Kamwina Nsapu triggers rioting in Kasai.
Dialogue at Cité de l’OUA
Facilitated by Edem Kodjo, political talks are started at Cité de l'OUA (OAU village).
Demonstrations of 19 September
Congolese citizens take to the streets to protest against the failure to convene the electorate. The demonstrations are bloodily suppressed across the country.
19 September 2016
The Cité de l’OUA agreement
The regime and an opposition fringe group sign an agreement postponing the presidential election to the first quarter of 2018.
18 October 2016
Demonstrations of 19 December
Congolese citizens protest against the prolongation of Joseph Kabila's second and last term. Dozens of people are killed.
19 December 2016
The Cenco agreement
Under the aegis of the bishops, the political class signs the New Year's Eve agreement in extremis, scheduling the presidential elections “for December 2017 at the latest``.
31 December 2016
Death of Étienne Tshisekedi
Historical opponent Étienne Tshisekedi dies in Brussels. Behind him, the alliance explodes.
1 February 2017
Two UN experts killed
The American Michael Sharp and the Sweden’s Zaida Catalan, two UN experts, are murdered in Kasaï.
First CLC march
Demonstrations initiated by the Secular coordination committee (CLC) to demand the full implementation of the Cenco agreement are violently repressed across the country.
31 December 2017
Nominations filed for the presidential and legislative elections
From 25 July to 8 August, the Ceni takes in files from the candidates to the Presidency of the Republic and national MPs.
25 July 2018
Bemba returns to Kinshasa
Following his surprise acquittal of crimes against humanity and war crimes, opposition contender Jean-Pierre Bemba returns to Kinshasa to submit his candidacy for the presidential election.
1 August 2018
Kabila finally names his successor
Under pressure from the street and the international community, Joseph Kabila appoints Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary as his successor. And the above lost no time in filing his candidacy.